Horse Gymnastics – The Vault

Horse gymnastics is a series of exercises designed to improve balance and agility on horseback. These skills are crucial when showing jumping as they help ensure a clear and straight jump.

Beginning your gymnastic exercise can begin with a nine-foot jump, followed by vertical and oxer fences of increasing height that your horse becomes familiar with over time. As your horse adjusts to these obstacles, gradually increase their height.


As competitive gymnastics evolves, so too do its equipment. Equipment like vaulting horses has changed over time to improve safety and performance – from glittery leotards and more impressive tricks and talents, to adjustments in safety measures such as padding. Women used long structures resembling pommel horses without handles until men’s vault events were introduced at Olympic Games events beginning with 1896 Olympic Games; their long design made it difficult to generate sufficient force, leading to frequent injuries among participants.

Vault-on is an artistic gymnastics event that requires significant physical strength and coordination to perform successfully. Gymnasts hurdle off a springboard before vaulting over an equipment known as the vaulting table or horse and performing various flips and twists before landing safely on a mat covered surface on the ground below.

A vaulter starts her vault by jumping off her horse and positioning both legs into a basic seat position with one leg stretched down and the other raised to above their shoulders. Once this position has been reached, they begin swinging forwards and backwards while pushing against grips to increase arm extension at their maximum arm extension point at apex and turn their body inward before sliding into side seating position on vaulting horse.


The vault is one of the most challenging events in gymnastics, requiring gymnasts to harness all their power into one powerful burst. Additionally, this event requires an efficient run that generates momentum before tightening blocks to ensure an accurate landing and strong and accurate lifts from their vault bars. However, mistakes during either blocking or running could prove dangerous; no wonder why vaulting has become such a beloved sport!

The vault apparatus consists of a table-like structure equipped with a springboard on its end. For women’s vaults it must be set perpendicular to the runway while for men it may run lengthwise along it. Women typically vault 4ft high while 5ft long while male vaulters must land onto an 8-inch thick platform upon which they land after performing a vault.

Gymnasts on the vault must face an endurance test, making split-second decisions during competition that can have serious repercussions. An accident on the vault caused changes from horse to table vaulting; in particular, Imke Glas of Netherlands missed her hands on one vault attempt and experienced serious back pain after missing both hands while vaulting.


The pommel horse is an artistic gymnastics apparatus widely utilized by male gymnasts across the world. Historically made out of metal frame covered with leather and wood covering, modern versions typically include plastic handles to support it with hands while performing various movements with trunk and legs such as single/double leg circles/crosses etc.

But unlike most men’s events, pommel horse is one of the few that tends to prioritize technique over strength. This is due to the routine being executed while leaning forward at an angle – this reduces muscle strain on arms. But nevertheless, this skill remains difficult; only three pommel workers in history have managed two Olympic medals, such as British gymnast Max Whitlock.

An effective training drill for scissor is the stride swing to straddle side support. Gymnasts should keep their hips turned towards the direction of the swing while lifting their top leg as high as possible – this exercise helps develop continuity and rhythm when switching legs.

Pommel horse

The pommel horse is a padded apparatus with two graspable pommels on its top that stands horizontal to the floor, typically on adjustable legs. Men use it for hand-supported balancing and swinging maneuvers in gymnastics; its sport forms part of Olympic Artistic Men’s Division events.

The pommel horse event is an intensely competitive, physically demanding competition requiring enormous upper body strength and an exceptional level of upper body control. As its name implies, this dynamic sport entails lots of twisting and swinging motions which is not advised for beginners as falling off can result in serious injuries to gymnasts; also required are significant levels of balance and core strength to compete successfully in.

Professional pommel gymnasts go beyond basic circles by performing additional elements such as scissor, straddled leg swing and double holds on their pommels. These advanced moves may also be combined with vaulting or handstand. All pommel routines must abide by the Code of Points scoring system; any time any part of their body other than hands touches the pommel, points will be deducted from their total score.

Max Whitlock of Britain holds the record for most Olympic medals won with pommel horse gymnastics, having collected three Olympic bronze. Other noteworthy pommel workers include Soviet gymnast Boris Shakhlin, Yugoslav gymnast Miroslav Cerar and Hungarian master Zoltan Magyar.

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