External Parts of the Horse

Horses have many parts, all of which play a crucial role in their health and function. It is essential for riders, groomers, and owners to understand each part of the horse and what their function is, allowing them to better monitor and care for their horses. This knowledge also helps horse owners and trainers communicate with veterinarians and equine professionals, which leads to a deeper bond and more successful relationship between the animal and human. In this blog post, we will take a look at the external parts of the horse, including the head, neck, body, and feet. We will also discuss how to identify and address problems with these areas, leading to a healthier, happier horse.

The upper front leg, which connects the shoulder to the knee. Provides support and allows movement in the front leg.

A large, complex joint in the hind leg, similar to the human knee. Provides strength and power during movement.

The lower leg, which is located between the fetlock and the hoof. Provides shock absorption and power during movement.

This is the sloping portion of the horse’s leg, which contains two bones, the long and short pastern. The length and angle of the pastern determines a horse’s gait.

A bursa, a fluid-filled sac that reduces friction between the tendon and the bone. Helps prevent navicular disease, a common cause of lameness in the horse.

The heel of the foot, which consists of a mass of flexible material that contributes to the formation of the heels and helps absorb the weight of the horse’s hooves. The heel also acts as a shock absorber.

An area of the horse’s face, behind the ears, that provides attachment for neck muscles and contributes to its skull structure. Allows the horse to graze, communicate, and carry a rider.

This is a bony protrusion on the horse’s chest, which provides support for its lungs and respiratory system. It also serves as a reference point for measuring the horse’s chest circumference and conformation.